One of the most important factors for our health is the quality of the air we are in. Air pollution in indoor and outdoor environments causes many diseases like lung cancer, also causes premature death. Air pollution is caused by emissions from motor vehicles, industry, heating and commercial resources, and tobacco smoke and household fuels .
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)
Indoor environments, such as a home or workplace are where people spend most of their time daily. Therefore, indoor air quality should always be at a good level. The main causes of air pollution in indoor environments are the burning of solid fuels (coal and wood), tobacco smoking, outdoor air pollutants, various emissions (due to construction materials and furniture) and also inadequate maintenance of air conditioning and ventilation systems. In addition, poor ventilation of the houses causes indoor air pollution. The main health-related pollutants arising from indoor sources are shown in the Table 2 prepared by WHO Europe.
One of the main causes of indoor air pollution is solid fuels burned in homes. As a result of the common use of conventional solid fuels, including biomass, environmental and health damage is high. This is most commonly seen in undeveloped countries and developing countries. During the combustion of biomass fuels, many different chemicals are released in the form of gases and aerosols. These pollutants include carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particles and volatile organic compounds, such as benzene and formaldehyde. Exposure to smoke due to the use of solid fuel causes various health problems.
Carbon monoxide poisoning is a major public health problem across Turkey. Each year, carbon monoxide poisonings caused by stoves, combi boilers and water heaters lead to mass deaths at especially winters. In addition to fuels, chemicals such as household cleaning products, air fresheners, pesticides, can cause indoor air pollution.
According to WHO, air pollution from polluting fuels and technologies resulted in the deaths of about 3.8 million people worldwide.